What Does a Civil Law Attorney Do?


A civil lawyer or attorney handles civil offense cases without involving the criminal angle. It can handle multiple legal disputes about property, family, injuries, accidents, domestic violence, employment, etc. 

Often, these civil litigation defense attorneys work with the government and similar agencies for pro bono cases. Let’s understand their work in detail below if you’re planning to work with one in any case in the coming days. 

Skills for Civil lawyers:


Civil attorneys must have a problem-solving mind to resolve queries between parties with little effort and investment. 

They have to build a rapport with every client and get the best out of the situation for each one of them. That’s majorly possible when they look for the best possible cases for their client. 


A civil lawyer has to have exceptional and marvelous communication skills. They need to have a convincing report and arguments to defend their clients. They have to play smart in the courtroom to close all the loopholes and convince the judge better with their points. 

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Interpersonal skills:

They deal with different and difficult clients daily. But what gets their cases for strength and possibility to win is by creating a valuable rapport with their clients. They have to win their client’s trust. Without that, it’s impossible to defend their client before the judge. 

This requires them to have the strongest possible skills in terms of interpersonal relationship management. They can then follow up with their client and conduct meaningful meetings before the hearing. 

Negotiation skills:

Negotiation skills come in handy when they have to discuss compensations on behalf of their clients. They have to analyze the right compensation amount for their case and the rest to be received from the other party.

Basic Roles And Duties Of The Civil Attorneys And Lawyers:

Investigate the case report and activities:

A civil lawyer has to come up with strong points before the court hearing. To do that, they investigate every possible angle of the case. For that, they meet with their clients, other parties, and witnesses, if any. 

They have to make their own investigating report based on the facts, pieces of evidence, and other sources available to them. They even make a chronological order of events in the case to understand it better.

Research about the laws pertaining to the case:

The next step would be to find and study the laws relevant to the case. There are thousands of acts under the penal code or other civil laws that fight for the rights of civilians. It’s not easy to study each and every law. 

But civil attorneys practice these every day. Many times, they are well-versed with similar cases and their laws. They go back to the historical reports of previous cases matching the current one to judge its success rate. 

Take part in hearings:

The civil attorney will be representing their clients in the court. For that, they have to prepare the arguments or defensive points. Either they will be defending their client or prosecuting the accused.

They appear in front of the judge on the day of the hearing. They make a case and argue with the other party’s lawyer as the hearing proceeds. 

File motions:

A civil lawyer has to take note of the minutes of the hearing and file for motions later. It helps keep the case strong for their clients and hopes for the best outcome when the verdict arrives. 

Make regular court appearances:

At times, civil attorney’s clients might have to appear in court. They might not be available or comfortable appearing in front of the judge or the other involved party.

In this case, the attorney can appear to know what’s been happening and why their client was summoned this time. 

They can justify when their clients aren’t available for the hearings. The same can proceed if the lawyer has valid points to argue without their clients’ physical presence in the court. 

The lawyers can also take an update from the court on behalf of the clients they defend or fight the case for. 

Besides that, they can submit important proofs or pieces of evidence instead of their client going personally and risking their life by appearing in front of the accused.


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